Agri Commodities Preview: USDA Estimates Indian Mustard seed Crop At 6.4 Million Tonnes For MY 2017/18

Assuming a near normal yield and based on preliminary field assessments, the MY 2017/18 rapeseed and mustard production is now revised lower to 6.4 MMT from 6.7 million hectares. The estimated production is 9% below last year. After the dry planting phase, the weather has been conducive for overall growth of the crop and there has been no report of any major incidence of pest and disease infestation (if reports existed, they were below the annual average).

According to the latest weather watch report from the Indian Ministry of Agriculture (MinAg), rabi (winter) oilseed crops, rapeseed and mustard, peanut and sunflower were planted on 7.5 million hectares, 4.7% below last year. The winter oilseed planting in MY 2017/18 was reported higher in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, but planting was lower in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Assam and Telangana. Evidently, among all states growing winter oilseeds, Rajasthan occupies over one third of the total area and is comprised of mostly rapeseed and mustard crop.

These were planted on 2.1 million hectares, almost 700,000 hectares or 22 percent below last year. Additionally, the taramira (Eruca sativa) and toria (Brassica rapa) planted area in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh is reported at 480,000 hectares compared to an estimated 640,000 hectares last year1 . At the same time, newer or under-utilized areas have reported slightly larger planted area (for rapeseed and mustard crop), but this compensates for just over 50 percent of the total area lost in Rajasthan